each

each
each adj every, *all
each adv Each, apiece, severally, individually, respectivelyare comparable when they refer to every one of the many or several persons or things comprising a group. All imply distribution.
Each and apiece usually connote equality in the amount or value of what is distributed unless the context indicates otherwise
{

he gave the five children a dollar apiece

}
{

the students have a bedroom and study each

}
Severally stresses the apartness of each of the persons and things involved but at the same time often, especially in legal use, implies that each of them is favored, bound, guilty, or responsible in the same degree as the group as a whole; thus, to try a group of conspirators severally is to try them not jointly, or together, but one at a time and usually on the identical charge; to be bound jointly and severally is to be under obligation as a group and singly as individuals, damages being recoverable from all or from any member of the group.
Individually, like severally, implies a distinction between each member of the group, but it goes further in not suggesting equality (as in responsibility, favor, or disfavor); thus, to try a group of conspirators individually is to try each one on a specific charge, usually on the assumption that they are not equally guilty; to greet each member of a visiting delegation individually is to greet him separately and personally.
Respectively is used only when the persons or things involved in the distribution follow a given order and what is distributed goes to each in the same order
{

he gave John, James, and Edward ten dollars, five dollars, and three dollars respectively

}
{

the suites of offices 101, 102, 103 are assigned respectively to the president, the treasurer, and the secretary of the company

}

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:
(of two), , (archaic and poetical), , , / (of several),


Look at other dictionaries:

  • each — W1S1 [i:tʃ] determiner, pron, adv [: Old English; Origin: Alc] 1.) every one of two or more things or people, considered separately →↑every ▪ She had a bottle in each hand. ▪ Grill the fish for five minutes on each side. ▪ Each member of the team …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • each — [ itʃ ] function word, quantifier *** Each can be used in the following ways: as a determiner (followed by a singular countable noun): in each corner of the room as a pronoun: three windows, with a different view from each (followed by of ): I… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • each — 1. singular or plural. Each is treated as singular when it stands by itself as a pronoun, when it comes before a singular noun (each house), and when it is followed by of and a plural noun (each of the houses): • Each group is responsible for its …   Modern English usage

  • Each — ([=e]ch), a. or a. pron. [OE. eche, [ae]lc, elk, ilk, AS. [ae]lc; [=a] always + gel[=i]c like; akin to OD. iegelik, OHG. [=e]ogil[=i]h, MHG. iegel[=i]ch, G. jeglich. [root]209. See 3d {Aye}, {Like}, and cf. {Either}, {Every}, {Ilk}.] 1. Every one …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • each — [ēch] adj., pron. [ME ech, elc, each, every < OE ælc < * agilic, akin to OHG iogilith (Ger jeglich) < PGmc * aiw galic: see AYE1 & ALIKE] every one of two or more considered separately [each (one) of you will be notified] adv. apiece… …   English World dictionary

  • each — [adj] every all, any, exclusive, individual, one by one*, particular, personal, piece by piece*, respective, separate, several, single, specific, various, without exception; concept 577 Ant. none each [adv] apiece; for one all, a pop*, a shot*,… …   New thesaurus

  • each — O.E. ælc any, all, every, each (one), short for a gelic ever alike, from a ever (see AYE (Cf. aye) (2)) + gelic alike (see LIKE (Cf. like) (adj.)). From a common West Germanic expression *aiwo galika (Cf. Du. elk, O.Fris …   Etymology dictionary

  • each — ► DETERMINER & PRONOUN ▪ every one of two or more people or things, regarded and identified separately. ► ADVERB ▪ to, for, or by every one of a group. ● each and every Cf. ↑each and every ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • EACH — is an acronym that may refer to: *European Association for Communication in Healthcare *Educational Action Challenging Homophobia *European Association for sick Children in Hospitals …   Wikipedia

  • each — index respectively Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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